Spearfishing was practiced for survival during ancient times, and the technique has greatly improved since then. Technology aside, it has not changed that much, and it remains a very hard task. To spearfish successfully, especially if you are doing it for sport, is not very easy.
This article, 10 Crucial Things To Know Before Buying Your First Speargun, will help all beginners to have all the knowledge to buy their first speargun. There are so many spearguns in the market, and there are things you have to consider if you want to buy the best first speargun.
1. Type Of Spearfishing
The first thing to know is what kind of spearfishing you want to undertake. Most people say that they want to shoot large fish during the weekend, but that is not how it goes. In reality, especially if you are doing spearfishing for the first time, you will have to start with shallow shorelines.
Anything more than that will require you have access to a boat and others that are more experienced than you. As a beginner, buy a small speargun between 110 to 120 cm as it will be great to get your hunting techniques pat-down. As you get experienced, you can now go for a larger speargun and move further into the middle of the ocean.
2. The Handle And Mechanism
This is the hardest part of spearfishing, and you have to learn the mechanism that engages the spear. The handle and mechanism consist of lumps of stainless and springs, and reliability is the only way to success and safety.
Ensure that you try it out to see whether the mechanism works well to ensure it will work smoothly. When looking at the materials, go for stainless steel and nylon as they are the best.
When loading, ensure that the handle is attached to the barrel, especially when loading. Looking for the best gun, ensure you get an internal spigot going inside the barrel and the external one over the outside.
That is very important, especially if you are using a carbon speargun; their edges are fragile and can crack easily. Please don’t go for a speargun that has its carbon barrel end exposed.
When it comes to the handle, ensure that it is very comfortable to hold, which means personal preference. When choosing a handle, ensure that it is comfortable both while pointing it and holding it down. Don’t go for go spearguns with loading pads on the back; if you do, make sure that they are removable.
They make the speargun heavier, and that can hurt as weight is concentrated in one area. Get a handle with its weight distributed all over the back length so that loading is not painful.
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3. Speargun Length
To get the right length, crucial things to know before buying your first speargun. The first one is the species you plan to hunt, how visible the water is, and the area you plan to dive.
Shorter spearguns 50-75 cm are great where there is poor visibility, longer ones that measure over 75 cm are for clear water with hard-to-target species. You can also go for 60-65 cm as they are better in open waters when hunting large species.
One of the things to know before buying your first speargun – shafts. Shafts can be between 6-9 mm and are mostly made of stainless steel, galvanized steel, or spring stainless steel. Between the three, stainless steel bends easily and will not corrode.
Galvanized steel may be strong, but it corrodes easily when exposed to salty water. Hardened steel is the best compromise because it does not bend easily and looks shiny with just a little polishing.
It is very important to have a spare spear and make sure that it is ready to attach, especially when out on a boat. That is important.
After all, you will not have to sit around all day because your other spear bent and became inaccurate—the heavier or thicker that shaft, the more powerful the impact. If you are a beginner, before buying your first speargun go for a lighter shaft because you will not go for large species.
When you start, there is a higher chance of missing and hitting the reef and rocks. Less power means that the spear will not be damaged. When starting, go for a 7 mm spring shaft because it is very strong.
If you don’t plan to target a fish more than 5 kg, you can use a stainless steel shaft, but it will require extra looking after.
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Most spear points come in tri-cut point and pencil-nose designs; the pencil-nose design is for soft-skinned species where you only need perforation. The tri-cut design is made for thick-skinned species, e.g., scaled and skulled ones requiring more aggression.
However, tri-cut are prone to damage when they hit hard surfaces as compared to pencil-nose tips. That is why you have to be well informed on the type of spear point you buy. Ensure that you do enough research to get the best depending on what and where you are going hunting.
Crucial things to know before buying your first speargun – BANDS. Two things affect the band’s power, the diameter, and its stretch. A 5/8 inch band will need more power as compared to a 9/16 band. If you linearly want additional power potential, then adding bands will work for you.
Bands are mostly made of latex and come in ¾, 5/8, and 9/16 diameters. You can also get bands that have wishbones already installed in them. Some people prefer to buy a band material and install the wishbone themselves.
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7. Shooting Line
A shooting line is a line attached to the spear shaft, and it can be attached to the float line and the speargun-mounted reel or the speargun itself. One of the things to know before buying your first speargun – shooting line. When buying a shooting line, you have to look at the weight; the lighter it is, the less drag. Shooting lines are available in Kevlar, nylon, stainless steel, or monofilament.
Other options include coated, braided, or waxed; what you have to know is that the stiffer the line, the less the tangles. Shooting lines strength varies between 200 and 1000 pounds test, and the weakest is mostly the point of attachment. Most situations work well with monofilament and nylon because they are durable hence will last a long time.
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8. Muzzle Types
The muzzle is found at the end of the spear, and it is used to hold bands if it is a band-powered speargun and direct the shaft. There are closed and open muzzle designs, and they both have their advantages and disadvantages. The open muzzle’s advantages are they have a line of shaft and are quieter than the closed ones.
However, a closed one is hard to reload, while when it comes to open, people think that they are not accurate, mostly on high-end spearguns.
Like many other things regarding superguns, choosing between open and closed muzzle types depend on personal preference. Apart from the muzzle being open or closed, they also differ depending on their bands. Depending on the type of band you plan to use, go for a loop or screw-in muzzle.
It was accurate to say that loop bands are cheaper and more reliable than many people’s opinions. It would help if you were careful about the muzzle material; nylon ones are better than aluminum because they hold up the force better.
If you are after small fish, especially if you are a beginner, then you should go for a shooting line with the shock cord attached directly to the line. If you are interested in larger fish, a shock cord may lead to a lost speargun, so most people use a floating line.
The float line can be detachable, which means that the shooting line will transfer to a floating line when the fish has been spared.
The float line can also be attached to the speargun; hence the speargun will be inline between the speared fish and the float. The first one is preferred to the second, but both are effective when hunting large species.
If you are dealing with areas that have obstructions, then a speargun-mounted reel will be of more advantage to you. Afloat line can be kind of a hindrance to you in such a situation.
10. The Rubbers
For the spear to propel forward, you need a rubber that acts as speargun powder. Other options are available, like compressed air spearguns, but you need traditional rubber bands for efficiency, especially with long spearguns. If you are debating on the speargun’s accuracy and power, the thing that determines both is the rubber pull length.
That is how far the rubber can stretch; the further it stretches, the powerful and accurate it is—the greater the rubber pull proportion to the length, the better the speargun.
For the best rubber, make sure that you go for natural latex made in the states. That is because there are so many rubber materials out here that are pure junk. The best one will have a colored sheath with an amber core.
The easiest way to tell which one is good is the one that has the same color throughout. It should also have an extra-thick hole in the middle between 16-20 mm.
The main choices of rubber to choose from include wrap around and screw-in. The screw-in rubbers come with threaded caps that screw into the muzzle and the wishbone on the other end.
Wrap a round’s, on the other hand, are continuous and go through muzzle and wishbone. The wrap-around’s are more efficient when compared to other types of rubber because they stretch more.
Knowing how much you are willing to spend is also a very important factor, just like the other ten above. When you have a budget, it will help cut down on considerations. Spearfishing always requires proper equipment so that you can remain safe, productive, and enjoy it all.
Even though most people associate expensive with quality, you can start with low and work your way up. You can get a speargun starting from 250 dollars up to 800 dollars, so know how much you are willing to spend, and it will help you make an easier decision. We hope that you have found this article beneficial and that we have answered the question; 10 Crucial Things To Know Before Buying Your First Speargun.